The 1850 U. S. Census of Population was the first to include Texas and to note occupations of individuals. The 1850 Census also included name, age, sex, color, place of birth, and value of real estate owned. Beginning in 1860 the value of personal estate, separate from real estate, also was included.
Search for a specific name in the box above to search all census records or browse by year below. The spelling of names in the census was often inconsistent, and the handwriting difficult to interpret.
Slaves were listed in a separate schedule in 1850 and 1860, but the names of individual slaves were not included. The slave schedules name only the free head of household and then tally the slave population by age, class, color, and gender. Since no occupations or names were recorded, they could not be indexed for the Hill Archive.
To browse by occupation, we recommend using our standardized occupation list.
Unless otherwise stated, the following census years include artisans and artists from all counties recorded.
1850 (No surviving records for El Paso County)
1860 (No surviving records for Blanco and Tarrant County)
1880 (in progress)
1890 (upcoming) Note: The 1890 U.S. Census was lost in a fire in 1921. A few Texas counties are partially available.